• Japan Bans Glasses For Women At Work & They Are Furious

    The hashtag “glasses are forbidden” (#メガネ禁止) has been trending on social media in Japan this week following the airing of a program on the Nippon TV network exploring how corporations in numerous sectors do not enable feminine employees to wear glasses on the job. The program adopted a report published late last month by Business Insider Japan (link in Japanese) on the identical problem. Japanese women on social media are demanding the best to put on glasses to work, after reviews that employers had been imposing bans.

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    According to the BBC, several Japanese retailers said companies have “banned” women from carrying eyeglasses and that they provide a “chilly impression” to female shop assistants. But judging from the response, the information has touched a nerve among Japanese women tired of having their our bodies scrutinized and regulated in ways that they japaneese bride say their male counterparts usually are not. All of this was apparently news to many women in Japan, who, upon hearing what their fellow women have had to endure, took to social media to break that glasses ceiling. From obligatory excessive heels to a ban on glasses, Japanese women have been busy pushing again against restrictive and anachronistic costume codes within the workplace in 2019.

    There’s not much sparkle in politics, both. A new report by Geneva-based Inter-Parliamentary Union ranks Japan a dismal one hundred and sixty fifth out of 193 countries in women holding seats in lower or single parliamentary chambers.

    This isn’t the first time Japan has come beneath hearth for outdated gown codes. Japanese women launched a social media campaign earlier this yr against gown codes that make high heels obligatory referred to as the #KuToo motion, which is a play on the phrase for sneakers, or “kutsu” in Japanese, and “kutsuu” meaning ache. In addition to the hashtag, Japanese women are additionally posting pictures of their glasses on social media in rebellion, reviews Quartz.

    “Envisioning and Observing Women’s Exclusion from Sacred Mountains in Japan”, Dewitt, Lindsey E., Journal of Asian Humanities at Kyushu University. 1, pp.19-28, 2016-03. Marriage shall be based mostly only on the mutual consent of each sexes and it shall be maintained via mutual cooperation with the equal rights of husband and spouse as a basis. With regard to choice of partner, property rights, inheritance, choice of domicile, divorce and different issues pertaining to marriage and the household, laws shall be enacted from the standpoint of particular person dignity and the essential equality of the sexes. Late nineteenth/early twentieth century depictions of Japanese women, Woman in Red Clothing (1912) and Under the Shade of a Tree (1898) by Kuroda Seiki.

    Gender hole in employment and wagesEdit

    While we disregarded the conversation, quick to focus on more necessary issues (wine), the subject saved coming round — making us ponder the etymology behind the numerous words for “woman” in Japan. Earlier this 12 months, Japanese women started voicing their discontent with arcane office restrictions on their appears via the #KuToo motion, which drew consideration to the requirement that many firms nonetheless have that ladies wear excessive heels to work. The time period #KuToo is a triple pun, playing on the Japanese phrases kutsu (footwear), kutsuu (pain), and the #MeToo motion.

    “It’s so obvious for lots of women who’ve jobs that it’s very difficult to discover a man who is out there to be a caretaker in the family,” stated Kumiko Nemoto, a professor of sociology at Kyoto University of Foreign Studies. Not so way back, Japanese women who remained unmarried after the age of 25 had been known as “Christmas cake,” a slur evaluating them to previous holiday pastries that cannot be bought after Dec. 25. Abe could certainly arrest the autumn and generate a bigger share of Matsui’s 15%.

    Marriage and fertility

    Some Japanese women in their 20s appear to have began in junior high school, whereas those in their 30s and 40s were break up of their answers. However, nobody wore makeup each day during their elementary and junior highschool days. Takemaru, Naoko (2010). Women within the Language and Society of Japan. McFarland.

    This allowed them higher freedom, equality to men, and a better standing within Japanese society. Other postwar reforms opened training establishments to women and required that girls receive equal pay for equal work. In 1986, the Equal Employment Opportunity Law took impact. Legally, few limitations to women’s equal participation within the lifetime of society stay. However, socially they lack opportunities in the workforce due to the lengthy work hours and dominance within the office by men.

    Political standing of girls

    Although the Japanese have unprecedented entry to the Catholic Church, the vast majority of weddings in Japan follow the Protestant liturgy. As such the ceremony consists of components typical to a conventional Protestant wedding together with hymns, benedictions, prayers, bible readings, an change of rings, marriage ceremony kiss, and vows before God.

    However, this recent attention to decorate codes underscores the truth that the usual attire at a Japanese workplace is much more conventional than it’s in Western international locations right now. Despite these challenges, more Japanese women are in skilled and administration positions than they had been up to now, although the numbers are nonetheless far beneath ranges you would possibly see in different international locations.

    However, it’s important to additionally acknowledge that the days of women serving tea have been largely relegated to the past. And as a female executive who has successfully worked with Japanese colleagues for her entire career, I’d hate for different women to intentionally keep away from working in or with Japanese corporations primarily based on previous tales they’ve heard. Japan’s consumption-oriented tradition additionally implies that single women with careers and cash have a variety of activities and emotional outlets that their mothers or grandmothers didn’t, Ms. Nemoto added. And, notably, Japanese women not need husbands to ensure their economic safety. The shift is tied to the changing Japanese work drive.

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    Akiba, Fumiko (March 1998). “WOMEN AT WORK TOWARD EQUALITY IN THE JAPANESE WORKPLACE”. Look Japan. Archived from the unique on 2002-03-21.

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    The 6 month ban on remarriage for ladies was previously aiming to “keep away from uncertainty regarding the identity of the legally presumed father of any baby born in that time period”. Under article 772, presumes that after a divorce, a toddler born 300 days after divorce is the authorized youngster of the previous husband. A ruling issued on December sixteen, 2015, the Supreme Court of Japan dominated that in gentle of the brand new 100 days before women’s remarriage legislation, so that there isn’t any confusion over the paternity of a child born to a woman who remarried, any baby born after 200 days of remarriage is the authorized youngster of the present husband. Women got the best to vote in 1946.

    In thirteen extensive-ranging essays, students and college students of Asian and ladies’s studies will discover a vivid exploration of how feminine roles and feminine id have developed over 350 years, from the Tokugawa period to the top of World War II. Starting from the premise that gender just isn’t a biological given, however is socially constructed and culturally transmitted, the authors describe the forces of change within the construction of feminine gender and discover the hole between the best of womanhood and the fact of Japanese women’s lives. Most of all, the contributors converse to the range that has characterised women’s experience in Japan. This is an imaginative, pioneering work, providing an interdisciplinary approach that can encourage a reconsideration of the paradigms of ladies’s historical past, hitherto rooted in the Western expertise. The disparity between earnings and gender inequality is because of the persistence of gender norms in Japanese society. Gender-primarily based inequality manifests in numerous aspects of social life in Japan, from the family to political representation, enjoying particular roles in employment alternatives and earnings, and occurs largely on account of differing gender roles in traditional and fashionable Japanese society.